The Analysis of Approbation Maxims Based on Leech’s Politeness Principles in The Novel Entitled Five on a Treasure Island

Kartika Tri Astuti


This paper was conducted to know the use of approbation maxim strategies which are uttered by the characters in the novel entitled Five on A Treasure Island. Moreover, this research was made to know the speakers’ reason in relation to politeness principle when they use such a particular strategies in expressing the objective of their message. It uses pragmatics approach and descriptive qualitative method which took total sampling technique in collecting the data. The data are classified by the types of speech acts based on John Searle’s classification of speech act and then they are analyzed using Politeness Principle by Geoffrey Leech.  The result shows that most of the characters use approbation maxim strategy which maximizes praise to others and most of the hearer(s) give acceptance response towards the approbation maxims strategy.

Full Text:



Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do things with words. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Chaika, Elaine (1994). Language and the social mirror. Boston. Massachusetts, USA: Heinle and Heinle Publishers.

Hadi, Sutrisno. 1986. Methodology Research. Yogyakarta. UGM Press.

Huang, Y. (2007). Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.

Leech, G. (1993). The Principles of Pragmatics. New York: Longman Group Limited.

Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Australia: Cambridge University Press.

Moleong L.J. (2001). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Searle, J. R. (1969). Speech acts, an essay of the philosophy of the language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Subroto, E. (1992). Pengantar Metode Penelitian Linguistik Struktural. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University Press.

Surakhmad, Winarno. (1994). Pengantar Penelitian Ilmiah: Dasar, Metode & Teknik. Bandung: Penerbit Tarsito.

Sutopo, H. (2002). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif, Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University Press.

Thomas, J. (1995). Meaning in Interaction: An Introduction to Pragmatics. London and New York: Longman.

Trudgill, Peter. (1992). Introducing Language and Society. London: Penguin Books Limited.

Wiersma, W. (1994). An Introduction: Research methods in education. London: Longman Group Limited.

Yule, G. (1996). The Study of Language: Second Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Yule, G (1996). Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Online References


  • There are currently no refbacks.