PENGAMBILALIHAN KEKUASAAN KERETA API DI LINGKUNGAN JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 1945

Sri Agus

Abstract


Indonesia was in a vacum of power, as Japanese surrendered to the Allies on 15th August 1945. It was a good momentum for Indonesian to have a quick, decisive, and intelligent action to gain a freedom from its colonialism. This independence forced Indonesian to hold a transfer of power from Japanese to Indonesian. That was not an easy thing to do, since Japanese should maintain a status-quo, so it had to give Indonesia to Allies, and the worst thing was that Japanese was still armed completely.

The proclamation text of Indonesia mandated the transfer of power including transfer of power in the railway environment in Central Java without incident. However, there were many wars, such as at offices and at many other buildings. These wars were uncontrolled and the five-day battle in Semarang was its evidence.The role of the railway employees, the railway peoples-safety soldiers, and the railway police was enormous not only in forefront line but also in behind as they ran trains as a potential means of transportation at that time. Cooperation among of railroad employees, soldiers as well as other struggle-agencies ran quite well in realizing the ideals of independence.


Full Text:

PDF

References


“Banjir Darah di Kota Semarang Latihan Tepat Bagi Rakyat Semarang Untuk Menggempur Nica”. Kedaulatan Rakyat. Jogyakarta, 25 Oktober 1945.

Abdul Haris Nasution, Sekitar Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia, Jilid I (Bandung: Disjarah AD dan Angkasa, 1977), hlm. 352.

Buku Kenang- Kenangan Perjuangan Rakyat Surakarta dari Zaman ke Zaman. Surakarta, 1974.

C. Marpaung, Bingkisan Nasional Kenangan 10 Tahun Revolusi Indonesia 17-8-1945 – 17-8-1955. Djakarta: PT Upeni, 1955.

Departemen Penerangan Republik Indonesia, Republik Indonesia Propinsi Djawa Tengah. Semarang, 1952.

Dinas Sejarah Militer Kodam VII Diponegoro, Sejarah Rumpun Diponegoro dan Pengabdiannya, Semarang: Dinas Sejarah Militer Kodam VII Diponegoro, 1977.

Dokumen Sendam VII/Diponegoro No. 20/1.

Hardjito, Risalah Gerakan Pemuda. Djakarta: Pustaka Antara, 1952.

Iriwidiati, Ichtisar Sejarah Nasional Indonesia (Awal-Sekarang). Departemen Pertahanan Keamanan Pusat Sejarah ABRI, 1971.

Kusmin. “Riwajat Perdjuangan DKA.” Magelang. Naskah Ketik Manual.

Muhammad Hatta, Sekitar Proklamasi 17 Agustus 1945. Jakarta: Tirta Mas, 1970.

Panitia Penyusunan Sejarah Pertempuran Lima Hari Semarang. “Sejarah Pertempuran Lima Hari di Semarang”. Semarang: Suara Merdeka, 1977.

Panitia Penyusunan Sejarah Pertempuran Lima Hari Semarang, “Sejarah Pertempuran Lima Hari di Semarang”. Semarang: Suara Merdeka, 1977.

P.P. Pesindo, “Perdjuangan Pemuda Revolusioner Indonesia”. Keadilan. Nomor Peringatan 17-8-1945 – 17-8-1946 Setahun Republik Indonesia no 8-9 Th. I.

Purwantono, “Segi Koordinasi Pertempuran Lima Hari Semarang”. Buletin Yaperna No. 15 Th. III Juli 1976.

Roesdi Santoso, Kereta Api Dari Masa ke Masa. Semarang: Biro Humas Exploitasi Tengah, 1982.

S. P. Pakoe Alam, Revolusi Pemoeda Satoe Tahoen Indonesia Merdeka, 1946.

Santoso. “Merebut dan Mengisi Kemerdekaan”. Buletin Korpri Jawa Tengah. Agustus No. 106 Th. X.

Sartono Kartodiredjo, Sejarah Nasional Indonesia VI. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 1976.

Slamet Partoharjono, “Riwayat Perdjuangan AMKA Pada Pukulannya Rikuyu Sokyoku”. Kendal, Mei 1962. Naskah ketik manual.

Sudarto, “Sekedar Riwayat Perdjuangan Pemuda-Pemuda Bengkel DKA Semarang Sejak Tanggal 17-8-1945”. Semarang: tanpa penerbit, 1962.

Sukardiono, “Hampir Saja Proklamasi Itu di Rengas Dengklok”, Forum Pemuda, Juli 1982.

Sulastro, “Bagaimana Paitnja Pendjadjahan ke Alam Merdeka”. Ambarawa, 18 Mei 1963, Naskah ketik manual.

Sunardi, “Pengalaman Saya Selama Revolusi.” tanpa kota terbit: Gundhi, Naskah ketik manual, tanpa tahun terbit.

Supangat, “Perjuangan Djawatan KA di Djawa Tengah.” Malang. Naskah ketik manual, 1962.

Susanto Tirtoprodjo, Sejarah Revolusi Nasional Indonesia Tahanan Revolusi Bersenjata, Djakarta, 1962.

Sutandio, Riwayat, 17-8-1945 - 17-8-1949. Naskah ketik manual.

Sutrisno Kutoyo, Sejarah Revolusi Kemerdekaan I 1945-1949 Jawa Tengah. Semarang: Departemen P dan K Direktorat Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional Proyek Inventarisasi dan Dokumentasi Kebudayaan Daerah 1979/ 1980, 1983.

T.B. Simatupang, Pelopor dalam Perang Pelopor dalam Damai. Jakarta. Sinar Harapan, 1981.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Diakronik