PEMBANGUNAN JALUR KERETA API DAN TREM DI CIREBON

Djoko Marihandono

Abstract


As the most important island in the East India Colony, Java Island produced the export commodities which well sold in the world market. Because of the traditional transport mode, the cost of the transportation is to bring out all the products from the government store to the port, its prices became uncontrollable. So the colonial government planned to change it with the new one: the train.  Cirebon, is one of area in Java which was very rich of the commodity products. So, after the success of two lines which had built before (Batavia-Buitenzorg by Staatspoor and Semarang-Vorstenlanden by NISM), the government made a concession with Batavia Ooster Spoorweg Maatschappij (BOS) to build a new line from Cirebon to Semarang. This plan was based on the reality, in one hand that in this area, there were many sugar fabrications along the way from Cirebon to Semarang, and in the other hand at Cirebon area, the export commodity product was abundance. Unfortunately, there was a regulation that one enterprise had only one concession. BOS had had the concession before to operate the line from Batavia to other stations. To continue this line construction, the subsidiary company of BOS, named Java Spoorweg Maatschaapij continued this program. In November 1886, This new enterprise finished successfully, and the railways line Cirebon-Semarang was officially opened.  After 5 years of the operation of this line, because of the miss management, it was closed. The Java Spoorweg Maatschappij sold it to other enterprise, named Semarang-Cheribonsche Stoomtraam Maatschappij. This new operator didn’t want to work in the same domain. After making the deeply consideration and feasibility studies, the operating tramways was the new goals of the business. The SCS changed the railways not only for the busy line Cirebon-Semarang, but also the other line such as Balapulang-Tegal. The SCS also developed the other line connecting all tram railways with the port in Cirebon and Tegal. SCS also expanded the line through the outlying place as the line Kadipaten to Cirebon.


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References


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